In addition to the american revolution, britain fought two separate wars with china in the 19th century, over trade disputes about opium and tea. A little while later, in 1597, tea is mentioned for the first time in an english translation of dutch navigator jan hugo van linschooten's travels, in which he refers to tea as chaa finally, in 1610 dutch traders brought back green tea from china and marketed it as an exotic medicinal drink over one hundred. However, it was several years later, in 1615, that the earliest known reference to tea by an englishman took place in a letter exchanged between mr r wickham, an agent for the british east india company stationed at japan to a mr eaton, who was stationed in macao, china. The map's design made it easy to ignore the inconvenient fact that china, shown in yellow, actually consumed more tea at the time as text under the map, published in 1934 by fortune magazine, explains, britain consumed 485,000 pounds of tea per year that's one hundred billion cups of tea, or around. Clumsy grammar you might say, but the point is quite clear: the origin of tea might indeed be china, but it was catherine of braganza, daughter of portugal's king john iv, who made tea popular in england the entire article is a silly piece of british aristocratic memorabilia covering up a much nastier global. In 1848, the british east india company sent robert fortune on a trip to china's interior, an area forbidden to foreigners fortune's mission was to steal the secrets of tea horticulture and manufacturing the scotsman donned a disguise and headed into the wu si shan hills in a bold act of corporate. Learn about the tradition of drinking tea and see how tea traditions vary in countries such as china, japan, india, russia, france, england and egypt tea in india only gained popularity as a national beverage in the 19th century after the british began to create large scale tea plantations in order to ensure adequate. Matthew davies, head of international sales at taylors of harrogate, picks up a package of tea in the tea company's tasting room in harrogate, england, tuesday aug 30 2016 a wave of affluent chinese consumers, who want the british afternoon tea experience, are boosting british exports of premium tea.
Paradoxically, pu-erh tea comes in green and black varieties for more information, see pu-erh teas the confusion in naming came about in the 17th century when dutch and british traders noticed that the leaves were darker than the usual un-fermented green varieties consumed throughout china the first mention of tea. This answer will presume a basic knowledge of the broad classification of teas which can be found here: what are all the different types of tea and what are the main types of chinese tea this is going to be long quora user is right, england d. Tea plays an important role in some countries it is commonly consumed at social events, and many cultures have created intricate formal ceremonies for these events afternoon tea is a british custom with widespread appeal tea ceremonies, with their roots in the chinese tea culture, differ among asian countries, such as.
Tea, that most quintessential of english drinks, is a relative latecomer to british shores although the custom of drinking tea dates back to the third millennium bc in china, it was not until the mid 17th century that the beverage first appeared in england the use of tea spread slowly from its asian homeland, reaching europe. Abstract as an old and traditional beverage, tea has been an important part of people's life in both china and the united kingdom (uk), and has respectively developed a unique culture in each of the two nations tea culture is an important part in culture of these two nations in this paper, the author will first review 3.
British researchers have found what they believe to be the oldest tea in britain, and to the surprise of contemporary british tea drinkers, the tea is green the unassuming box of chinese tea was acquired around 1700 by a ship's surgeon james cuninghame cunninghame subsequently gave it as a gift to the famous. Buy chinese tea online the finest oolong, black, green, dark or pu erh, yellow or white chinese teas, including extremely rare varieties. Assam was just not enough to satiate the thirst of the british tea drinkers experimental tea planting began in different parts of india in darjeeling, a surgeon dr campbell used the stolen chinese tea varieties to successfully grow tea plants in the 1840s chinese teas thrived in the darjeeling area and developed a different. Teas from china known as the birthplace of tea, for hundreds of years china produced the only teas known to the western world although consuming much of her own production, china still accounts for over 185% of world exports china has 2,649,840 hectares planted with tea as well as black teas, china produces five.
Chinese tea history the earliest references to drinking tea are from china legend has it that a leaf fell into the water that emperor shen nung's servants were boiling british tea history the most famous tea drinkers in the world didn 't initially take to drinking tea it wasn't until charles ii married portuguese princess and. This is perhaps best illustrated by the fact that china, a nation that has been drinking tea for more than 2,000 years, only came up with a chinese term for “ black tea” (hongcha) less than 200 years ago while in english we say “black tea, ” the corresponding term in chinese literally means “red tea” from the.
Tea history: from how shen nong accidentally discovered tea until mongols treatened the tea culture in china, to how the east india company monopolized the tea it was the british east india company successfully copied tea cultivation from the chinese in india, which allowed them to offer tea at much lower prices. Commercial tea growing started in the 1840s when an undercover british botanist posing as a tea merchant brought thousands of tea plants and chinese workers who knew how to grow them to british-ruled india, according to cassie liversidge in her book “homegrown tea, an illustrated guide to planting. According to chinese legend, the history of tea began in 2737 bce when the emperor shen nong, a skilled ruler and scientist, accidentally discovered tea while boiling trading ships built for speed, the british and americans raced clippers back and forth between china and england bringing the best teas for auction. At first glance, tea hardly seems a necessity but to many europeans of the early modern period, it was an attractive enough commodity to draw them around the world to china, and attractive enough to motivate them to attempt to grow it themselves in their various colonies the english, dutch, and russians consumed the.