The semantic foundations of cognitive theories of humor salvatore attardo published online: 2009-07-17 | doi: 1997104395. Abstract - this study investigates mechanisms underlying the formation of perceived humor in print ads and the relative effectiveness of various executional types in producing humor contemporary theories of humor are incorporated into an analysis of three humor mechanisms: cognitive, affective, and disparagement. Humor is such an integral part of the human psyche that philosophers and other intellectuals have long been fascinated with its origins in and its effects on the human brain several early theorists have provided subject matter for continuing observation and debate the greek word chumoi means juices, and the ancient. F e at u r e s humor theories and the physiological benefits of laughter □ julia wilkins, phd □ amy janel eisenbraun, ms there are 3 main theories used to explain the functions of humor: (1) the relief theory, (2) the incongruity theory, and (3) the superiority theory while these theories focus on the specific role that. Much of my work is based on the excellent textbook by martin called the psychology of humour – an integrated approach (i also think its appropriate that a book on humour be written by a man named “rod”) this text book intended for university students in some way touches every single aspect of humour theory ( and all. Proponents of the different theoretical accounts often show a high degree of conviction, suggesting introspection might not be the best tool for judging the validity of humor theories other than introspection, two methods have been employed to test humor theories: content analysis and experimental approach.
George w bush was not known for his cunning intellect, but he did have a good sense of humor in a commencement address at southern methodist university, he famously told the graduates, “for those of you graduating with high honors and distinctions, i say well done and as i like to tell the “c” students. The second account of humor that arose in the 18th century to challenge the superiority theory was the incongruity theory while the superiority theory says that the cause of laughter is feelings of superiority, and the relief theory says that it is the release of nervous energy, the. Theory of comic amusement i also discuss the way various theories of humor relate to one another and the proper place of a superiority theory in humor theory in light of my analysis i introduction there are, it is said, three traditional theories of humor: the superiority theory, the incongruity the- ory, and the relief theory.
Relief theorists viewed laughter as relieving an accumulation of nervous energy sigmund freud (1856-1939) came up with a relief theory, where he stated that all laugh-producing situations are pleasurable because they save psychic energy it brings to the person pleasure because it spares expenditure of feeling, comedy. This research reviews the empirical and theoretical literature on disparage- ment humor and amusement in particular, we ask, ''why is disparagement humor funny'' three theoretical frameworks provide responses to this question: psychoanalytic theory, superiority theories, and social identity theory each framework. Laughter the french philosopher henri bergson (1859-1941) developed a humor theory that has survived over many years, and is often characterized as the mechanization theory of laughter (ie, the ludicrous is something mechanical that is encrusted on the living) according to bergson's theory of. When deborah solomon, writing for the new york times magazine asked comedian chris rock what's funny, he replied, you want to know what's not funny thinking about it, [source: solomon] certainly, philosophy and comedy might seem like unlikely bedfellows, but they've actually been a pair for quite some time.
The sound of laughter is universal and seems to be innate, which is often associated with humor our perception of what is funny may differ, but humor is recognized when it arises this research investigates the many definitions of humor, the philosophy and production of humor, why laughter occurs, humor theories,. One description of how laughter is provoked is the incongruity theory developed by victor raskin of purdue university and salvatore attardo of youngstown state university, both in america this theory says that all written jokes and many other humorous situations are based on an incongruity—something. In order to do this the article introduces some key theoretical perspectives circulating within the literature on film comedy the secondary purpose is to test whether the empirical evidence can actually teach us something about these theoretical perspectives do the theories have explanatory power does the scene suggest.
Humor theories by don l f nilsen and alleen pace nilsen 17th international summer school: july 17-22, 2017 purdue university, west lafayette, indiana, usa humour and laughter: theory, research and applications willibald ruch, julia rayz and victor raskin 17th international summer school: humour and. Holist nurs pract 2009 nov-dec23(6):349-54 doi: 101097/hnp 0b013e3181bf37ad humor theories and the physiological benefits of laughter wilkins j(1), eisenbraun aj author information: (1)department of special education, st cloud state university, education bldg b129, st cloud, minnesota 56301, usa.
We apply the approach to a verbal pun, and consider how it might be extended to frame blending an initial study of that made use of the law of total probability, involving 85 participant responses to 35 jokes (as well as variants), suggests that the quantum theory of humor (qth) proposed here provides a. Abstract: the article critically reviews the incongruity theory of humor reaching the conclusion that it has to be essentially restructured leaving aside the question of scope, it is shown that the theory is inadequate even for those cases for which it is thought to be especially well suited – that it cannot account either for the. Examination of some of the major theories of humor and inquiry into the universal human phenomenon we know as humor humor as a social activity as a social activity, humor has been examined by a number of theorists including, among others, raskin, apte, freud, greig, viktoroff, bergson, and fry raskin, a linguist.
These words of hazlitt  (1964:285) are echoed in others' ideas of humour and laughter bergson's first point, for example, is to stress that 'the comic does not exist outside of what is strictly human' (1911:3, original emphasis) milner entitles his presentation of a semiotic theory of humour 'homo ridens ' (1972) scruton. The standard analysis, developed by d h monro, that classifies humor theories into superiority, incongruity, and relief theories sets up a false expectation of genuine competition between the views rarely do any of the historical theorists in any of these schools state their. The psychology of humor by l w kiine outline i introduction ii grouping of theories iii humorous and non-humorous stimuli iv the nature and origin of humor as a mental process v functions of humor a psychological c biological b physiological d sociological i introduction voltaire is said to. This paper presents a theory of humor, that certain psychological state which tends to produce laughter the theory states that humor is fully characterized by three conditions, each of which, separately, is necessary for humor to occur, and all of which, jointly, are sufficient for humor to occur the conditions of this theory.
Abstract this chapter provides an overview of conceptualizations of humor, the most prominent theories, and theories that may be a useful foundation for research on humor at work definitions of humor are manifold, ranging from a commu- nicative activity with positive emotional reactions in perceivers to an individual trait. There are many theories of humor which attempt to explain what humor is, what social functions it serves, and what would be considered humorous among the prevailing types of theories that attempt to account for the existence of humor, there are psychological theories, the vast majority of which consider humor to be very. A connectionist model of humour is described which possesses numerous advantages over the standard cognitive model, the incongruity-resolution theory the neurally inspired model consists of two disjoint concepts which are stored in a network in a hopfield-like manner these concepts are connected to two external.